Low Blood Pressure

Captain Raymond Holt: I’m no stranger to unflattering test results.

Doctor: Your blood pressure is normal.

Captain Holt: Normal? Take it again!

While we strive to achieve for above average in terms of grades, financial stability, and overall success, when it comes to health, everyone strives to achieve health stats within the average range. From blood count, body weight, and even the amount of bacteria inside and outside your body right now, good health sometimes means an average level of everything.

When it comes to blood pressure, a lot of adults know what high blood pressure is. People with high blood pressure have their heart and blood vessels working harder, resulting in additional strain which could lead to a number of cardiovascular conditions. However, people tend to worry too much about high blood pressure that many tend to forget that having low blood pressure may be just as bad for your long-term health.

Understanding Blood Pressure

Ideally, your blood pressure should be around 90/60 to 120/80. The first number is your systolic blood pressure, which is the highest blood pressure when your heart beats, which is what pushes your blood around your body. The second number is your diastolic blood pressure, which is the lowest pressure when your heart relaxes.

Most people are aware that high blood pressure is bad, but many fail to overlook that low blood pressure is just as bad. If your blood pressure falls under 90/60, you may be at bigger risk than you think.

While low blood pressure with no underlying symptoms is not very serious, it can lead to disorders stemming from low oxygen within the body. When you sit or stand for long periods of time, for example, this affects your blood pressure. Sitting and for long periods of time can cause high blood pressure, while standing for too long may decrease your blood pressure. If you stand up suddenly and feel a sudden rush or feel dizzy, this could be because of the sudden change in blood pressure.

Understanding Blood Pressure

Low Blood Pressure

Many people, especially those living sedentary lives, are worried of developing high blood pressure. However, it can have long-term health effects as well. It may be a sign of dehydration or a medical or surgical disorder.

People with low blood pressure often feel dizzy or lightheaded, sometimes even to the point of fainting. Their vision is often blurred, hindering their ability to focus on the task at hand. Because low blood pressure means there is less oxygen passing through the body, people with this condition feel tired more easily and may feel sick just by performing everyday activities.

This is only for common scenarios. For worst-case scenarios, low blood pressure can result in a life-threatening condition. Because little oxygen being passed throughout the body, there is little oxygen in the brain, which could lead to cognitive degeneration, especially in elderly people. Your body will eventually adjust to the low blood pressure as your heart beats quicker and you start breathing faster. Shortly after, your body may go into shock, which will require immediate medical attention.

Causes

There are various conditions that can affect hypotension, some of which can be maintained or avoided. Pregnant women, for example, expand their circulatory system while carrying a baby, so their blood pressure drops. After they give birth, they’re likely to return to their regular blood pressure.

Cardiovascular Conditions

Those with low blood pressure may have cardiovascular problems. Bradycardia, a condition where a patient experiences an extremely low heart rate, may contribute to low blood pressure. Having previously experienced a heart attack may also affect your blood pressure.

Endocrinal Problems

Hormonal or endocrine problems such as thyroid conditions, low blood sugar, or diabetes can trigger low blood pressure. When your body is dehydrated, this leads to fatigue and the body responds by slowing down your blood pressure to conserve energy. Anemic people who lack vitamin B-12 and folic acid may also experience low blood pressure.

Blood Loss

If you’ve ever experienced blood donation or blood loss after surgery, you may have experienced feeling very dizzy. This is because the less amount of blood in your body decreases the amount needed to spread oxygen into various parts of your body, resulting in low blood pressure.

Medications and Other Factors

Medications may also affect your blood pressure. Diuretics, alpha and beta blockers, and antidepressants can affect your bloodstream. Other factors may also include factors such as age and previous or current diseases can also change your blood pressure. Hypotension is more likely with older adults as the body regulates blood pressure in your early years.

High blood pressure isn’t a good thing, but neither is low blood pressure. When it comes to your cardiovascular system, you’ll want an average blood pressure reading which means that your body is functioning the way it is supposed to. Otherwise, you may start to feel tired more often and develop long-term health effects due to the lack of oxygen passing around your bloodstream.

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